The Commission shall perform all or any of the following functions, namely;
1. Examine and review the safeguards provided by or under any law for the time being in force for the protection of child rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation.
2. Present to the Central Government, annually and at such other intervals, as the Commission may deem fit, Reports upon the working of those safeguards.
3. Inquire into violation of child rights and recommend initiation of proceedings in such cases.
4. Examine all factors that inhibit the enjoyment of rights of children affected by terrorism, communal violence, riots, natural disasters, domestic violence, HIV/ AIDS, trafficking, maltreatment, torture and exploitation, pornography, and prostitution and recommend appropriate remedial measures.
5. Look into matters relating to children in need of special care and protection, including children in distress, marginalised and disadvantaged children, children in conflict with law, juveniles, children without family and children of prisoners and recommend appropriate remedial measures.
6. Study treaties and other international instruments and undertake periodic review of existing policies, programmes, and other activities on child rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation in the best interest of children.
7. Undertake and promote research in the field of child rights.
8. Spread child rights literacy among various sections of society and promote awareness of the safeguards available for protection of these rights through publications, media, seminars and other available means.
9. Inspect or cause to be inspected any juvenile custodial home or any other place of residence or institution meant for children, under the control of the Central Government or any State Government or any other authority including any institution run by a social organization, where children are detained or lodged for the purpose of treatment, reformation or protection and take up with these authorities for remedial action, if found necessary.
10. Inquire into complaints and take sup moto notice of matters related to:
11. Deprivation and violation of child rights.
12. Non implementation of laws providing for protection and development of children.
13. Non compliance of policy decisions, guidelines or instructions aimed at mitigating hardships to and ensuring welfare of the children and to provide relief to such children or take up the issues arising out of such matters with appropriate authorities.
14. Such other functions as it may consider necessary for the promotion of child rights and any other matter incidental to the above functions.
POCSO ROLE OF GSCPCR
Under Section 44 of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences(POCSO) Act and Rule 6 of POCSO Rules, 2012:
(a) To monitor in the implementation of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.
(b) to monitor the designation of Special Courts by State Governments.
(c) to monitor the appointment of Public Prosecutors by State Governments.
(d) to monitor the formulation of the guidelines described in section 39 of the Act by the State Governments, for the use of non-governmental organisations, professionals and experts or persons having knowledge of psychology, social work, physical health, mental health and child development to be associated with the pre-trial and trial stage to assist the child, and to monitor the application of these guidelines.
(e) to monitor the designing and implementation of modules for training police personnel and other concerned persons, including officers of the Central and State Governments, for the effective discharge of their functions under the Act.
(f) to monitor and support the Central Government and State Governments for the dissemination of information relating to the provisions of the Act through media including the television, radio and print media at regular intervals, so as to make the general public, children as well as their parents and guardians aware of the provisions of the Act.
(g) to call for a report on any specific case of child sexual abuse falling within the jurisdiction of a CWC;
(h) to collect information and data on its own or from the relevant agencies regarding reported cases of sexual abuse and their disposal under the processes established under the Act, including information on the following:-
i. number and details of offences reported under the Act
ii. whether the procedures prescribed under the Act and rules were followed, including those regarding timeframes; Citizen’s Charter of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (2012-13)
iii. details of arrangements for care and protection of victims of offences under this
Act, including arrangements for emergency medical care and medical examination; and,
iv. details regarding assessment of the need for care and protection of a child by the concerned CWC in any specific case.
(i) To assess the implementation of the provisions of the Act and to include a report in a separate chapter in its Annual Report to the Parliament. NCPCR is also implementing 02 Pilot Projects for protection of child rights in the selected areas of civil unrest through social mobilization activities. They are:
(i) ‘Bal Bandhu Scheme for Protection of Child Rights in Areas of Civil Unrest’, with support from the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund(PMNRF), implemented in Andhra Pradesh(Khammam), Assam(Chirang and Kokrajhar), Bihar(East Champaran, Jamui, Rohtas, Sheohar), Chhattisgarh (Sukuma).
(ii) ‘Pilot Programme for Protection of Children’s Rights in Jammu and Kashmir’ (PPPCR J&K), with support from the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF), implemented in Jammu and Kashmir (Bandipora & Kupwara).